Overview of Construction and Demolition Waste Management
Construction and Demolition waste (C&D waste) management is crucial because it can contain a variety of waste, including solid waste, land waste, plastic waste and even hazardous waste such as asbestos and lead. Construction and demolition waste is generated from the construction, repair, renovation, and demolition of houses, large building structures, roads, bridges, piers, dams etc. It consists mainly of inert and non-biodegradable materials such as concrete, wood, plastics, plaster, metal etc. A part of this C&D waste comes to the municipal stream through the ULBs, which pick up and dumps the waste in landfills. C & D Waste Management Rules, 2016 are dedicated management of such waste. These Rules were notified in March 2016 by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC). These rules apply to waste resulting from the construction, remodelling, repair and demolition of any civil structure of an individual, organisation or authority that generates construction and demolition waste, such as building materials, debris, and rubble.
Requirements for setting up a Construction and Demolition Waste Management
C & D waste processing facility includes Waste operators of bulk waste management/waste recycling/processing facilities dealing with C&D waste. Many C&D waste processing facilities are established on PPP mode with private operators. The Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016 details the site requirements for such facilities like
- The processing or recycling facility must be large enough to last for 20-25 years.
- The processing or recycling site must be away from habitation clusters, forest areas, water bodies, monuments, National Parks, and Wetlands.
- The processing/recycling site shall be fenced or hedged and provided with a proper gate to monitor incoming vehicles or other modes of transportation.
- The approach road and the internal roads must be concreted or paved to avoid the generation of dust particles due to vehicles and designed to ensure unobstructed movement of vehicles and other machinery.
- A weighbridge must be installed to measure the quantity of waste brought to the landfill site.
- Fire protection devices and other facilities as may be required must be provided, as well as provision for stormwater drains to prevent stagnation of surface water.
- Provision of paved /concreted surface in selected areas in a recycling facility for minimising dust and damage to the site, along with a vegetative boundary around the processing or recycling site.
- Prevention of noise pollution from Construction and Demolition Waste Management Facility.
- Provision for treatment of effluents from the unit to meet the discharge norms as per Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986.
Documents required for C&D waste Management Facility Authorisation
- PAN Card of the Authorized Signatory
- GST Certificate
- Layout plan
- Process flow chart
- Details of the machinery installed
- Proof of ownership of site or rent/lease agreement
- Factory license/trade license
Steps involved in Registering C&D Waste Management Facility
Documentation and Application Fee
To set up a processing or recycling facility of construction and demolition waste, an application in form 1 has to be made to the concerned SPCB/PCC.
All relevant documents will be scrutinised at the Member Secretary's level to assess the proposed site's capacity and disposal capacity.
Issuance of authorisation
State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) or Pollution Control Committee(PCC) grant authorisation to the C&D waste Management Facility in Form III as specified under these rules after examining the application.
Duties of Operator
Following are the duties of the Construction and Demolition Waste Generator under the C&D Rules, 2016
- The facility's operator must submit the annual report to the State Pollution Control Board in Form II. The waste generator is responsible for the collection, segregation of concrete, soil and others and storage of C&D waste generated, as directed or notified by the concerned local authority.
- To ensure that other waste (such as solid waste) is not mixed with this waste and is stored and disposed of separately.
- If the waste generated is 20 tons or more in one day or 300 tons per project in a month, the waste generator must segregate the waste into four streams, i.e. concrete, soil, steel, wood and plastics, bricks and mortar, and submit their waste management plans. He must also get appropriate approvals from the local authority before starting such construction, demolition or remodelling work.
- Waste generators can either keep the construction and demolition waste within the premise or get it deposited at collection centres of the local body. Waste can also be handover to the authorised processing facilities performing Construction and Demolition Waste Management.
- The waste generator must ensure that there is no littering or deposition of C&D waste to avoid obstruction to the traffic, the public, or drains.
Duties of Government Agencies
CPCB prepares operational guidelines for environmental management of C&D waste management, coordinates with all the SPCB/PCC, and analyses and collates the data received. CPCB advises the SPCBs on developing environmental standards and forwarding the annual compliance report to Central Government. The local civil authorities are tasked with issuing detailed directions for properly managing C&D waste within their jurisdiction in accordance with the provisions of Construction and Demolition Waste Management rules. ULBs have stipulated collection charges and introduced penalties for illegal disposal by waste generators
Duties of Waste generator
The C&D waste also includes surplus or damaged products and materials that arise in the course of construction work or are used temporarily during the course of on-site activities of the waste generator. Many cities are recognising the importance of processing C & D wastes. A Waste Generator includes any person or their association, institutions, residential and commercial establishments, as well as Indian Railways, Port and Harbour, Airport and Defence establishments who undertake the construction of or demolition of any civil structure and generate construction and demolition waste. The generator of waste should inform the concerned civic authority in writing in advance before undertaking such activity and also deposit the applicable fee according to the notifications of the municipality by way of container rent, stacking (on a public road/place) or hauling charges.
How will Enterclimate Assist You?
Solutions specific to your requirements
Enterclimate can assist you in obtaining authorisation for C&D Waste Management from the SPCB. We also assist you in procuring tenders by ULB to manage such waste.
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Our team comprises environment and legal experts with years of experience in their related fields. Approach us for an all-inclusive and hassle-free experience
Precise and Prompt Assistance
Any related issues during the authorisation and tender application are met with precise and prompt assistance by our experts. Our executives ensure a speedy redressal to all of our client's queries.