Overview Regarding the Punjab Pollution Control Board (PPCB)
Punjab Pollution Control Board (PPCB) was established through Punjab Government Notification Number 6186-BR II (4) 75/24146 on July 30, 1975, following the enactment of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. PPCB was formed to prevent water pollution and restore the quality of water. Further, with the enactment of other laws, including the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977 and the Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986, the scope of Punjab Pollution Control Board was extended to address the increasing pollution and monitor the waste management of every kind.
Various rules and notifications are regulated and monitored by Punjab Pollution Control Board. Some of them are: -
- Fly Ash Notification, 1999 and 2008
- The Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control) Rules, 2000
- The Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000
- The Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation) Rules, 2000
- Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
- Batteries (Management and Handling) Amendment Rules, 2010
- Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016
- The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016
- Construction & Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016
- The Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016
- The E-waste (Management) Rules 2016
- The Hazardous and Other Wastes Rules, 2016
The Consent Certificates granted by PPCB (the Punjab Pollution Control Board)
The state government issues consent certificates to enterprises to standardise the quantity of pollution brought on by industrial activity. These certificates are regarded as necessities in industries where manufacturing processes or any other activity results in water or air pollution. Under the Water and Air Act guidelines, the Punjab Pollution Control Board (PPCB) issues these certifications. The two types of certificates are as follows -
- Consent to Establish - This certificate is given whenever the industry is about to be created.
- Consent to Operate- This certificate is authorised once the industry is established and is ready to operate.
PPCB authorises these certificates as per different categories of industries which are as follows: -
- Green Category: This category includes industries that are the least polluting units.
- Orange Category: This includes industries that are moderate pollution potential units.
- Red Category: This includes industries that are high pollution potential units.
Documents required for acquiring Consent Certificates by Punjab Pollution Control Board
Documents for Consent to Establish
While the application for a Consent Certificate is filed under Air and Water Rules, some mandatory documents are needed by Punjab Pollution Control Board. The documents that are to be attached include:-
For Red/Orange/Green Category: -
- Site/location plan of the industry
- Land/site documents which may include rent or lease agreement
- SSI Certificate
- Copy of partnership/ Memorandum of Article of Association
- Certificate of Revenue Authority/ undertaking that industry is established in Industrial Area or allotment letter of the designated authority
- Hazardous Waste Management details
- Schematic diagram
- Manufacturing process
- Details of water and wastewater balance
- Details of material balance
- Auditor’s certificate
- Consent fee under Water and Air Acts
- Groundwater clearance
- Sewage treatment plant
- Effluent treatment plant
- Air pollution control measures
- Risk assessment report
- Environmental clearance (if applicable)
Document required for Consent to Operate
- Details of the manufacturing process in the form of a flow chart
- Proof of date commissioning of the industry
- Compliance report on the No Objection Certificate (NOC)/Certificate to Establish conditions
- Completion certificate of Effluent Treatment Plant/Air Pollution Control devices along with dimensional drawing
- Location plan of Effluent Treatment Plant/Air Pollution Control devices with stipulated colours: -
- Effluent Channel-Red Colour
- Domestic Sewer-Dotted Black Ink
- Fresh Water-Blue Colour
- Recirculation Water Channel-Green Colour
- Storm Water-Orange Colour
- Completion Certificate
- Audited balance sheet
- Information on changes in the effluents from the industry
- Information on changes in the emissions from the industry
- Information on manufactured product
- Information on amendments in the name of the management/Board of Directors
- Analysis report of the wastewater treatment plant
- The compliance report on the latest consent/renewal of consent under the Water and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act
Annual report as stipulated under Hazardous Waste Management Rules
Validity Procedure of Consent Certificates by Punjab Pollution Control Board
Under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, the validity period for the Consent to Establish will be one year. Furthermore, for Consent to Operate, all industries will be granted authorisation forfive years except for green industries, which will have ten years of validity.
Procedure for acquiring Consent Certificate from PPCB
The procedure for obtaining a consent certificate from Punjab Pollution Control Board is regulated under the Water Act and the Air Act, 1981.
Filing an application
Manufacturers of the large, medium and small-scale industries must submit the application in the prescribed format with site details, registration certificate, etc. This completed application has to be submitted to the Punjab Pollution Control Board along with the documents and applicable fees.
Review of application
After the application is submitted, the application and the attached documents are scrutinised by the state-level consent committee as per the stipulated guidelines.
Reviewing the application is followed by an inspection by authorised personnel, which, when it is concluded, the inspection report is framed.
Grant of certificate
At last, when the inspection report is up to the criteria set by the state-level consent committee, the manufacturer is granted the consent certificate. A copy of the consent certificate is endorsed to the Department of Factories, Punjab.
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