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Overview Regarding the Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India

In recent years people and authorities have become more vigilant about the increasing environmental problems and depletion of natural resources, especially crude oil. Therefore, many countries, including India, are encouraging alternative machine sources to regulate the use of crude oil and decrease its adverse impact on the environment. Lithium-ion and Lead acid batteries are considered one of the best alternatives to fuels like petrol and diesel. The government is constantly encouraging the Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India by introducing various incentives and subsidies because of the diverse applicability of these batteries.

Application of Lithium-ion Battery in India

Lithium-ion batteries are used in many types of equipment. Some of the standard applications of a lithium-ion battery are: -

  • UPS or Power Backups
  • Laptops, mobiles and other usually used consumer electronic goods
  • Electric mobility
  • Energy storage systems

Application of Lead Acid Battery in India

Lead Acid batteries are used in many types of equipment. Some of the standard applications of Lead Acid batteries are: -

  • Traction and automotive application
  • Submarines
  • Uninterruptible Power Supplies
  • Lighting
  • Sealed battery types that are used in portable equipment
  • High current drain applications
  • Standby/back-up/emergency power for electrical installations

Advantages of Lithium-ion Battery

Batteries manufactured at the Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in Indiahave many advantages like: -

  • A lithium-ion battery is a high-energy-density battery. This makes it long-lasting as compared to other batteries. 
  • The common characteristic of batteries being self-discharge is extremely low in lithium-ion batteries.
  • There are no requirements for priming the lithium-ion battery when they are to be used for the first time.

Another of the most significant advantages of Lithium-ion batteries is that they do not require or need much maintenance to ensure their performance.

Types of Batteries

Batteries are mainly segregated into two categories due to differences in composition and uses. The two categories are primary and secondary batteries.

 

TYPES

BATTERIES

PRIMARY BATTERIES

One that cannot be charged

·         Coin Cells

·         AA Batteries

·         AAA Batteries

·         Button cells

SECONDARY BATTERIES

One that is rechargeable

·         Lithium-ion

·         Nickle Cadmium

·         Nickle Metal Hydride

·         Lead Acid

 

Different Types of Lithium-ion Batteries

Before getting ready for Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India, browse through the types. There are mainly three different typesof Lithium-ion batteries present. They are as follows -

Type of Battery

Characteristics

Cylindrical Lithium-ion Battery

·         Tightly spiral wound electrodes are packed inside a cylindrical can.

·         Small cylindrical solid body with large threaded terminals

·         Large solid cylindrical body with flat terminals

·         A venting system may be available

Pouch Lithium-ion Battery

·         Flat, soft body, such as those used in cell phones

·         Layered stacking of electrodes in a thin, flexible rectangular pouch

Prismatic Lithium-ion Battery

·         Layered stacking of electrodes in a hard rectangular casing

·         High-capacity cells with a venting system

Different Types of Lead Acid Batteries

There are mainly three different types of lead acid batteries present. They are as follows -

Type of Battery

Characteristics

Flooded Lead Acid Batteries

·         Most commonly used lead acid battery

  • Primarilyused in the automotive industry

·         Cost-effective

Sealed Batteries

·         AGM Sealed Lead Acid Batteries

·         Gel Sealed Lead Acid Batteries 

·         Sealed batteries are commonly known as Valve Regulated Lead Acid (VRLA)

·         Safest lead acid battery

·         Tend not to degrade or sulphate easily

·         AGM batteries have the best price point in the Valve Regulated Sealed lead acid variety

  • Gel VRLA batteries contain a jellifiedelectrolyte

Deep Cycle Lead Acid Batteries

·         Designed for deep cycling application

·         Used in golf carts, mobility scooters, power banks, RV power banks, solar energy systems etc.

Cranking or Engine Starting Lead Acid Batteries

  • Intended to produce a large amount of current in a short period

Hybrid Lead Acid Batteries

·         Designed for both deep cycling and engine starting

Standby Lead Acid Batteries

·         Designed for only standby applications like alarm systems, telecommunications and network systems.

Composition of Lithium-ion Battery

Before starting the Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India, look at what lead acid means. Lead-acid battery constitution may vary due to size, cathode material, and application differences. The lithium-ion battery encompasses many different chemicals of different configurations.

Chemical

Composition (in percentage)

Lithium Cobalt Oxide

27.5 %

Steel

20.2%

Polymer

14%

Graphite

16 %

Copper

9%

Aluminium

5.5 %

Nickle

4.3%

Electrolyte

3.5%

Composition of Lead Acid Battery

Before starting the Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India, have a look at what lead acid means. Lead-acid battery constitution may vary due to differences in size, cathode material and application. The lead acid battery contains many different chemicals of different compositions.

Chemical

Composition (in percentage)

Lead

25 %

Lead Oxide

35 %

Polypropylene

10%

Water

10%

Glass

2%

Antimony

1%

Environmental Compliance for Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India

The most important aspect to remember while proceeding withLithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in Indiais to file for Environmental compliance, which is regulated by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). It is governed by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).

 

EPR Authorisation for Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India

Obtaining EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) authorisation is a newly introduced step for Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India governed under Battery Waste Management Rules, 2022. The manufacturers and producers must apply to the CPCB’scentralised online portal, where the applicant has to upload the completed application with the mandated documents. Once uploaded to the portal, the application is examined by CPCB, based on which the manufacturers and producers will be granted the EPR Authorisation.

 

Documents required for acquiring EPR Authorisation

  • EPR plan;
  • Money segregated for EPR;
  • Copy of consent certificates issued by the PCCs/SPCBs earlier in case of those manufacturers who are operational in the country before 01-10-2016;
  • Self-declaration as per RoHS;
  • Details of upcoming awareness initiatives and other programs;
  • Authorisation copy from the applicable state/central authority for marketing various products or for establishingLithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plantin India as given below:
    • TIN details;
    • PAN details;
    • Incorporation certificate;
    • IEC copy.
  • Copies of contract and related documents with other stakeholders like collection centres, treatment, storage and disposal facilities (TSDFs), dismantlers, recyclers, dealers etc.   

Particulars of EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) form as per Battery Waste Management Rules, 2022

  1. Battery producer’s name
  2. Manufacturer’s registered address, official mail and contact information
  3. Name of the mandated entity and full address with official mail address, landline and mobile number
  4. TIN (Tax Identification Number)
  5. GST certificate copy
  6. Details of different battery types placed in the market name of the brand, such as:
  7. Automotive battery
  8. Portable battery
  9. Industrial battery
  10. EV battery

Consent Certificates

  1. CTO (Consent to Operate) is acquired by the owner after the industry is established and is ready to start manufacturing under the Air and Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act.
  2. CTO (Consent to Operate) is acquired by the owner after the industry is established and is ready to start the manufacturing process under the Air and Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act.

For Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India, the producer and manufacturer must acquire the consent certificates mandated by the concerned Pollution Control Committee (PCC)/the State Pollution Control Board (SPCB). The process of acquiring the consent certificates, i.e., CTE and CTO has somewhat the same authorisation process. The detailed process is as follows –

Thecompleted form is uploaded through the online portal of the concerned Pollution Control Committee of the Union Territory/the State Pollution Control Board with the documents prescribed under the Air and Water Act.

The state authorities then scrutinise the documents.

After that, authorised government personneloversee a site inspection according to which the report is framed.

Finally, as per the report, the certificate is granted.

Certificates/Documents required for consent certificate

  • Small Scale Industry Certificate;
  • Industry Department Certificate;
  • The layout plan/Site plan;
  • Details on channelisation;
  • Total open land;
  • The project report;
  • Total constructed area;
  • Effluent/Sewage Treatment Plant flow diagram;
  • Water management breakdown;
  • Specifics on air pollution controls;
  • DG specifications;
  • Raw material list;
  • Boiler type, fuel used, and quantity;
  • By-product/product list with daily MTD/monthly quantity;
  • Factory/Trade License;
  • Permission from the state's groundwater authority;
  • Authorisation letter;
  • Pan card;
  • The Aadhar card;
  • Registration proof of unit;
  • Municipality or industry license;
  • Site plan;
  • Water bill.

Hazardous Waste Authorisation for Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India

The authorisationfor the management and regulation of hazardous waste for setting upLithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant in India is mandatedin the Hazardous Wastes (Management, Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2008.

Certificates/Documents required for submission

The certificates/documents which are obligatory while applying for Hazardous Waste Authorisation are: -

  • CTO;
  • CTE;
  • Certificate of incorporation (CIN)/LLP;
  • MOA (Memorandum Of Association);
  • AOA (Article of Association);
  • PAN copy;
  • Board resolution for appointing an authorised person;
  • Aadhar card;
  • Factory license/Trade license
  • Layout plans;
  • GST certificate of business;
  • Rent/proof of ownership.

General Business Setup Licenses

Before acquiring and compiling environmental authorisation, the owner of Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India has to obtain general licenses and authorisation from the respective governmental authorities.

Some of these licenses are: -

Company license

To set up the plantone must register according to The Company’s Act, 2013, regulated by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

Documents require        

  1. PAN card
  2. Address Proof such as
    1. Passport;
    2. Election card or Voter Identity card;
    3. Ration card;
    4. Driving license;
    5. Electricity bill;
    6. Telephone bill;
    7. Aadhaar card.
  3. Residential Proof such as
    1. Bank statement
    2. Electricity bill
    3. Telephone bill
    4. Mobile bill
  4. GST Registration Certificate
  5. MOA (Memorandum of Association)
  6. AOA (Article of Association)

GST Certificate

Document required for GST Certificate for Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India

  1. Address proof
  2. PAN card
  3. Bank details
  4. CIN (Company Incorporation Certificate) from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs
  5. AOA
  6. Applicant’sAdhaar Card
  7. MOA

 

Import Export Code (IEC) Registration for Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India

Mandatory for every importer and exporter in India,IEC is the unique 10-digit code issued by the Ministry of Commerce. This code is granted by the Director-General of Foreign Trade and does not further require filing or renewal. The application for the Import Export Code is submitted online with the mandated documents, bank details and DSC. The authorities then verify these, after which the code is granted as a soft copy to the business owner of the Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant in India.

Documents Required

The Ministry of Commerce mandates the following documents for an IEC registration -

  • PAN card of the company
  • Applicant’s PAN
  • Aadhaar card
  • Company Incorporation Certificate or partnership deed
  • Address proof
  • Copy of cancelled cheque leaf/banker certificate of the current account in the company's name

Initiatives by Government for Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India

The Indian government have adopted many schemes and initiatives to promote the Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India. One of them isthe Production Linked IncentiveScheme proposed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology for ACC (Advanced Chemistry Cell) Battery Storage. Under this scheme/incentive, the companies will receive monetary assistance from the government to increase local battery cell production. The program envisages an investment which will boost domestic manufacturing. This will also facilitate battery storage demand creation for both development of a complete domestic supply chain & Foreign Direct Investment in the country. This Production Linked Incentive scheme for Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC), along with the already launched PLI scheme for the automotive sector and Faster Adaption of Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles (FAME), will enable India to leapfrog from traditional fossil fuel-based automobile transportation system to environmentally cleaner, sustainable, advanced and more efficient Electric Vehicles (EV) based system.

How can Enterclimate assist you? 

Personalised legal assistance

Our team of legal experts offers assistance all through the process of obtaining a license for a Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India.

 

Aid in Annual Report Filing

We offer comprehensive guidance individually catering to your specialised needs. Our team of an expert also guidein Annual Report filing. 

Support on filing for Renewal

Our expert team also delivers thorough service for filing a renewal application for a Lithium-ion and Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant Setup in India.

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