Overview of the Karnataka StatePollution Control Board
Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB) was constituted on September 21, 1974, by the Government of Karnataka under the provisions of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. KSPCB was formed to prevent and control increasing water pollution and to improve the overall quality of water. But, later, with the enactment of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, the scope of responsibilities of the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board regarding water pollution control increased to include air pollution. Further, the role of KSPCB became broader with the enactment of various laws regarding the protection of the environment, including the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977 and the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
The rules which were enacted under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 are: -
- The Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016
- Fly Ash Notification, 1999 and 2008
- The Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control) Rules, 2000
- Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
- Batteries (Management and Handling) Amendment Rules, 2010
- Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016
- The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016
- Construction & Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016
- The Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016
- The E-waste (Management) Rules 2016
Environmental Clearance from Karnataka State Pollution Control Board
Environmental clearance is the license required to assess the effect of the planned project of industries on the environment and nearby residents. The environmental clearance process includes screening, scoping and evaluating of upcoming projects.
The detailed process of Environmental clearance is as follows: -
- At first, the project's location is analysed as per the guidelines specified. The proponent is asked to change the site if the location is not under the rules.
- The project is then examined as to whether the proposed activity/clearance comes under the scope of environmental clearance; if yes, then the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study is conducted.
- Once the EIA report is prepared, the role of state authorities comes into the picture where Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB) and the State Forest Department inspect the pollution that may be caused by the industry and scrutinise it as per the given guidelines. Once it is reviewed thoroughly by KSPCB, the Consent to Establish is issued, which is valid for 15 years.
The Consent Certificates granted by KSPCB
To regularise the amount of pollution that is caused by industrial activity, the state authorities provide industries with Consent certificates. These certificates are mandatory for industries where manufacturing processesor activities cause water or air pollution. These certificates are provided by Karnataka State Pollution Control Board provides these certificates under the provisions of the Water and Air Act. These certificates are ofthree types, namely
- Consent to Establish - This certificate is granted before the industry is to be established.
- Consent to Operate - This certificate is authorised once the industry is established and is ready to operate.
- Consent for Expansion - This certificate is provided when the industry is to be expanded or modified.
KSPCB authorises these certificates as per different categories of industries: -
- Green Category: These include industries that are the least polluting units.
- Orange Category: These include industries that are moderate pollution potential units.
Red Category: These include industries that are high pollution potential units.
Documents required for acquiring Consent Certificates by Karnataka Pollution Control Board
Documents for Consent to Establish
Under the Air and Water Act, many documents need to be attached while filing for application for Consent to Establish. Karnataka State Pollution Control Board asks for the following documents -
- Information on proposed measures that are taken by industries to control pollution
- Land/site details which may include rent or lease agreement
- Allotment letter from KIADB/KSSIDC if the enterprise is established in the Industrial area
- SSI Certificate
- Layout plan
- Copy of partnership/ company deed
- Hazardous Waste Management details
- Schematic diagram
- Manufacturing process
- Details of water and wastewater balance
- Details of material balance
- Auditor’s certificate
- Consent fee under Water and Air Acts
- Groundwater clearance
- Sewage Treatment Plant Proposal
- Effluent Treatment Plant Proposal
- Air pollution control measures
- Risk assessment report
- Environmental clearance (if applicable)
Document required for Consent to Operate
Karnataka State Pollution Control Board needs the following documents for the granting of Consent to Operate -
- Details of the manufacturing process in the form of a flow chart
- Compliance report on the certificate to establish conditions
- The audited balance sheet
- Details on manufactured products
- Details of any changes in the effluents from the industry
- Details of any changes in the emissions from the industry
- Details of amendments in the name of the management/Board of Directors
- Analysis report of the wastewater treatment plant
- Compliance report on the latest consent/renewal of consent under the Water and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act
The annual report under Hazardous Waste Management Rules
Procedure for acquiring Consent Certificate from KSPCB
The procedure for acquiring Consent Certificate from Karnataka State Pollution Control Board is governed under the WaterAct and the Air Act, 1981. The detailed procedure is given below -
Filing an application
Manufacturers must submit the application in the prescribed format with site details, registration certificate, etc., either at the help desk of KSPCB or the regional office. This application has to be submitted along with the documents and applicable fees.
Review of application
Once the application is submitted to the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board or at the regional office, the application and the attached documents are scrutinised by the state-level consent committee as per the stipulated guidelines.
After the application is reviewed by the authorities, the site inspection is conducted by authorised personnel. This is followed by preparing an inspection report based on the inspection.
Grant of Certificate
Further, the report is scrutinised by Technical Advisory Committee (TAC). If the inspection report is up to the standards set by the state-level consent committee and TAC, then the manufacturer is granted the consent certificate.
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