Overview of E-waste Dismantler Authorisation
E-waste is defined under European Union as Electrical or Electronic Equipment (EEE) that is waste, including all components, subassemblies and consumables that are part of the product at the time of discarding. As per this definition, any electrical and electronic device can be categorised under e-waste. With so many categories of equipment included in e-waste, it becomes difficult for one unit to carry out all steps of the recycling process.Amongst all the steps involved, one step is properly dismantling the e-waste. So, to proceed with this step, one must need e-waste dismantler authorisation.
Eligibility for Setting Up E-waste Dismantling Business
An E-waste recycling unit is an industrial/manufacturing unit that needs various authorisation and permits to establish or operate. These are required so that government can keep track of the business activity and provide proper guidance. As a part of this process, one also needs e-waste dismantler authorisationto setup this business in India. Also, in the case of dismantler operation, there is a need for a properly organised sector. Apart from this, there is also a need for sufficient land and space for setting up operations andfor workers to work comfortably. Dismantlers also require negotiated agreement with TSDF (Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility) operator.Some licenses, including ISO Certificate, NOC from SPCB and GST Registration, are also needed.
According to the International Finance Corporation (IFC), by 2025, the electronic waste sector will generate 4.5 lakh direct jobs and another 1.8 lakh jobs in the allied sectors of the transportation and manufacturing industry in India. Further, if we take the example of the USA, the US's recycling activities provided 7,57,000 jobs, $6.7 billion in tax revenues, and $36.6 billion in wages. By implication, for every thousand tons you recycle, there are 1.57 jobs created, $ 76,000 in wages paid, and $ 14,101 in tax revenues.
Documents Required for E-waste Dismantler Authorisation
The documents to be submitted along with the application for E-Waste Dismantler Authorisation are as follows:-
- Aadhar card
- PAN card
- GST certificate
- Electricity bill of the established unit
- Certificate of Incorporation (CIN)
- MOA (Memorandum of Association) (If required)
- State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) issued Consent to Establish under The Air (Prevention and Control Pollution) Act, 1981 and The Water (Prevention and Control Pollution) Act, 1981
- State Pollution Control Board issued Consent to Operate under The Air (Prevention and Control Pollution) Act, 1981 and The Water (Prevention and Control Pollution) Act, 1981
- Registration certificate granted by the DIC (District Industries Centre) or any other competent agency
- Proof related to the installed unit
- A compliance certificate of effluent & emission requirements, treatment and disposal of hazardous wastes, as applicable, from the respective SPCB or any other competent agency, is required in the event of renewal
Process for Obtaining E-Waste Dismantler Authorisation
E-Waste Management Act, 2016 regulates the procedure for obtaining E-Waste Dismantler Authorisation from State Pollution Control Board. The process involvesapplying, reviewing the submitted application and granting the license.
Application with the SPCB
The application for obtaining E-Waste Dismantler Authorisation is filed with the State Pollution Control Board as per the E-Waste Management Act, 2016.
After the application is filed, it is reviewed by the SPCB for verification and authentication. In case of any mistake with the application submitted, it is sent back for rectification.
Authorisation by the SPCB
The authorisation is granted if the SPCB points out no mistake in the application and all the documents are verified.
Process of Dismantling E-waste
E-waste recycling refers to reprocessing any electronic and electrical equipment that has reached its end and is of no further use. This recycling process involves a complicated method which has a lot of possibility of creating more pollution if not managed properly. E-waste is made up of various materials, and not all components may be recovered. are as follows –
Plastic - which is extracted and sent to a plastic recycling plant to be converted into granules or pellets and then sold as raw material.
Metal - is also used to manufacture EEE and is retrieved during the recycling process to manufacture new steel products and metals.
Circuit Boards - contain precious metals like gold, silver, palladium etc. Thus, these are sent to specialised companies or units to recover the same.
Dismantling of e-waste involves manual dismantling where physical labour is needed. The dismantled material is classified into two categories, one being waste which can be recycled and the other category is of reused material. Therefore, to start this business, one must get E-Waste Dismantler Authorisation from SPCB.
Benefits of E-waste Dismantling
As dismantling is one of the parts of the e-waste recycling process, there are many benefits of the same, which the world realises now. This can be seen from the rise in the investment and market of the e-waste recycling plant. In March 2021, India registered 400 e-waste recyclers with an annual capacity of recycling 1.07 million tons per annum. The largest e-waste recycling facility in India, holding five ISO certificates, can handle around 96,000 electronic waste per annum. So, wait no more! Get your E-Waste Dismantler Authorisation and start your business now.
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