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Overview of Biomedical Waste Recycling Business

A Biomedical Waste RecyclingPlant focuses on the disposal of biomedical waste and the recycling of general waste and other waste since the waste collected as biomedical waste has recyclable components too. About 85% of hospital waste is non-infectious, the bulk of which is recyclable. A biomedical waste recycling business targets primarily healthcare facilities like hospitals, private clinics, dental offices, assisted living facilities, home care agencies, and other healthcare facilities as these are bulk generators of such waste. This recycling business involves segregation, collection, pre-treatment, intramural transportation and storage). Biomedical waste treatment and disposal is the responsibility of CBWTF operators, except for lab waste and highly infectious waste. Such waste is required to be pre-treated by the HCFs. Recycling and disposal are crucial elements that ease the work of doctors, nurses, healthcare technicians, veterinarians, caregivers, home care workers and corporations worldwide in various healthcare sectors. In the Indian healthcare sector, the waste generated is categorised under three broad heads, i.e. Biomedical Waste, General Waste and Other Waste. In the biomedical waste category, the waste is further divided into four colour-coded categories, i.e. Yellow Category, Red Category, White Category and Blue Category.

Scope of Biomedical Waste Recycling Business

The waste collected as biomedical waste is regulated as per the BiomedicalWaste (Management) Rules, 2016. The Rules dictate scientific disposal of such waste only through individual or Common Biomedical Waste Management Facilities (CBMWTF). However, the general waste and other waste collected that are recyclable can be collected, recycled and disposed of as per the other applicable rules.

  • Bio-medical waste is the waste generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunisation of human beings, animals, or research. Bio-Medical waste includes the waste generated from the HCFs, which can adversely affect a person's health or the environment if not disposed of properly. This waste consists of the materials which have been in contact with the patient's blood, secretions, infected parts, biological liquids such as chemicals, medical supplies, medicines, lab discharge, sharps, metallic and glassware, plastics etc. Medical waste includes bandages, infectious swabs, cotton wool buds, masks, gloves, linen, scalpels, needles, blades and even blood. In some cases, even utensils used for eating are treated as infectious waste.
  • General Waste consists of all the waste other than bio-medical waste, which has not been in contact with any hazardous or infectious, chemical or biological secretions and does not include any waste sharps. This waste can be recycled and disposed of as per (Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016), C&D Waste Management Rules, 2016 and Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016. The following table classifies the recyclable waste from healthcare facilities.A Biomedical Waste Recycling Business can also recycle this waste after obtaining proper authorisation from the concerned SPCB/PCC.

Biodegradable Waste

Plastic Waste

Specific Waste

Organic / Bio-degradable waste, mostly food waste

Plastic Packaging materials

Solid waste and wastewater.

Newspaper, paper and card boxes

Plastic water bottles, plastic containers

Construction and Demolition wastes


Clothing items from the hospital.

Plastic Food Containers after emptying residual food

Metal scrap, aluminium cans, containers etc.

Other Wastes consist of used electronics, used batteries, and radio-active wastes, which are not covered under biomedical wastes. This waste must be disposed off as per the provisions of E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016, Batteries (Management & Handling) Rules, 2001, and Rules and guidelines under Atomic Energy Act, 1962, respectively.

Documents Required for Authorisation for Biomedical Waste Recycling Business

Depending upon what category ofmedical waste thewaste recyclingbusiness will be managing, theConsent NOC and appropriate authorisation must be obtained from the respective State Pollution Control Boards. In the following sections, the documents required for different authorisations have been mentioned.

Documents required for Authorisation of Biomedical Waste Recycling Business

  • Application in Form-II of Biomedical Waste Management Rules, 2016
  • Letter of Requisition
  • Treatment, storage and disposal facility agreement copy
  • Site Plan of the facility
  • Affidavit Self Declaration for Ownership
  • Affidavit/Self Declaration for Liquid Waste Treatment
  • Copy of Consent to Establish  (CTE)
  • Copy of consent to operate(CTO)
  • Map with GPS locations of CBWTF and area of coverage.
  • Contingency plan of CBWTF.
  • Copy of the manifests of the lifting of waste

Documents Required for Solid Waste Management Authorisation

  • Copy of Land Allotment documents/ letter from Local Authority/ MCD.
  • Copy of Environmental Clearance for Common Municipal Solid Waste
  • Copy of Consent  certificate (CTE and CTO)
  • Copy of Agreement between Municipal Authority and operating agency.
  • Details of Investment on the project and expected return.
  • Project Report of Solid Waste Management.
  • Land Ownership Documents for the site.
  • Permission of District Level Site Selection Committee
  • MSW Annual Report of the preceding year.
  • Approval is issued to the operator of the solid waste processing facility (in case a private operator is operating the site).

Registration Process for Biomedical Waste Recycling Business

Application and Fee Submission

Under the Biomedical Waste Management Rules 2016, the applicant has to submitForm II and the required fee to the concerned State Pollution Control Board/ Pollution Control Committee. If authorisation for solid waste management is also needed, a separate application must be made in form 1 to the SPCB.

Document Scrutiny and Site Inspection

Documents will be scrutinised for any shortcomings by the SPCB/PCC to assess the capacity and capabilities of the Biomedical waste Recycling Business. A site inspection is conducted, and an inspection report is prepared.

Issuance of Authorisation

The SPCB/ PCC will grant the authorisation in Form III after successful inspection and redressal of all issues. The authorisation is issued within 90 days of submitting a completed application. The authorisation validity is synchronised with the validity of the consent NOC validity.

Market Overview of Biomedical Waste Recycling Business

India's Bio-Medical Waste Management market is segmented based on the type of service, treatment site, region and company. Based on the treatment site, the waste management market can be categorised into off-site & on-siteThis market is expected to reach $ 39 million by 2024. With India’sgrowing population and the covid 19 creating an additional burden on the healthcare system, the number of patients is also increasing, resulting in a high volume of bio-medical waste generated daily. Several non-government organisations are taking initiatives for the management of bio-medical wastes and compliance with bio-medical waste management rules, which is anticipated to drive the bio-medical waste management market. Additionally, growing awareness regarding bio-medical wastes and their safe disposal further propels the market.

How can Enterclimate Assist You?

Expert Assistance at Reasonable Cost

Enterclimate has an experienced team of experts to help you facilitate all procedural and document requirements to set up your Biomedical waste Recycling Business.

Recycling Business solutions under one roof

All requirements concerning the inception of your Biomedical waste Recycling Business, ranging from registration to the Consent NOC and BWM Authorisation, can be met hassle-free under one roof.

Excellent Client support

Our trained executives ensure positive communication with our clients and are precise and prompt. We ensure that only domain experts handle the client’s doubts and queries.


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