The Ministry of Environment, Forest (MoEFCC) has introduced the E-Waste (Management) Second Amendment Rules of 2023, which were officially issued on 30th January, 2023. These amendment rules aim to modify the existing E-Waste (Management) Rules of 2022.Under the new amendment, all producers must furnish detailed information about the constituents of their equipment, as well as their components, consumables, parts, or spares. They must also declare their compliance with the reduction of hazardous substances provisions, as and when requested by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). Previously, this detailed information was mandated to be included in the product user documentation. However, with this amendment, the requirement to include such information in the documentation has been eliminated, and producers must provide it only upon request from the CPCB.Additionally, the amendment introduces two new substances to the list of exemptions in Schedule II of the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2022. These substances are cadmium and lead in Solar panels/cells, solar Photovoltaic panels/cells/modules, and Lead in Medical Devices, excluding all implanted and infected products.
E-waste refers to electrical and electronic equipment (EEE), either in its entirety or in part, that is discarded as waste by consumers, bulk consumers, or as rejects from manufacturing, refurbishment, and repair processes. Waste electrical and electronic items are commonly known as e-waste. Improper disposal or careless recycling of such wastes can harm health and the environment, making it necessary to regulate e-waste.
E-waste, including items like Refrigerators, Televisions, LEDs, LCDs, Washing Machines, Computers, Laptops, Printers, etc., as listed in Schedule-I, are not hazardous waste in themselves. However, the presence of hazardous constituents in e-waste makes them hazardous when they are dismantled and processed, as it is during this stage that they become a threat to both health and the environment.
The government has taken several measures to address the challenges associated with E-Waste. These steps are outlined below:
i. Applicability of the new are as follows:
ii. The quantity of e-waste recycled will be calculated based on the end products, ensuring accuracy and preventing false claims.
iii. A provision has been introduced for the generation and transaction of EPR Certificates.
iv. The rules now include provisions for environmental compensation, verification, and audit processes.
v. A Steering Committee will be constituted to oversee the overall implementation of these rules.
These measures demonstrate the government’s commitment to addressing the challenges posed by E-Waste and promoting responsible e-waste management practices in the country.
The amendments as per E-Waste (Management) Second Amendment Rules are as follows:
Equipment utilising or detecting ionising radiation:
During the process of applying for authorisation to establish an E-Waste recycling plant, the applicant must submit certain documents to the State Pollution Control Board/Pollution Control Committee. These documents required as per the E-Waste (Management) Second Amendment Rules are as follows:
The E-Waste (Management) Second Amendment Rules establish a set of guidelines and obligations for producers of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) and their components in India. One of the key mandates is that producers must ensure that their products do not contain hazardous substances like lead, mercury, and other restricted materials beyond the maximum prescribed concentration limits. This is to prevent the harmful environmental and health impacts that can arise from the improper disposal and recycling of e-waste. The rules encompass various measures to further address the challenges associated with e-waste management. Firstly, they focus on the recognition and registration of producers, which involves identifying and acknowledging the producers responsible for bringing EEE into the market. Proper registration ensures accountability and compliance with the regulations. The rules also highlight the importance of skill development for workers involved in the dismantling and recycling of e-waste. Therefore recommended to take expert guidance to ensure the compliances required for your business as per the new E-Waste (Management) Second Amendment Rules.
Each producer is obligated to furnish comprehensive information about the constituents of their equipment and their corresponding components, consumables, parts, or spares whenever requested by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). This information must also include a statement of compliance with the provisions related to reducing hazardous substances.
Under the previous rules, the manufacturer, producer, refurbisher, and recycler (MPRR) of e-waste were required to obtain authorisation from the State Pollution Control Board (SPCB). However, the new rules have replaced this authorisation process with a requirement for MPRRs to register on a portal developed by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) instead.
The amendment introduces two additional substances to the list of exemptions in Schedule II of the E-Waste (Management) Rules of 2022. These substances are cadmium and lead in Solar panels/cells, solar Photovoltaic panels/cells/modules, and Lead in Medical Devices (except all implanted and infected products).
The Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has released the E-Waste (Management) Amendment Rules of 2023.
To address the issue of littering caused by lightweight plastic carry bags, starting from 30th September 2021, the thickness of such bags has been raised from fifty microns to seventy-five microns. Furthermore, by 31st December 2022, the thickness of plastic carry bags will be increased to one hundred and twenty microns.
The E-Waste (Management) Amendment Rules of 2023 were issued by the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC) on 30th January 2023. These rules aim to modify the existing E-Waste (Management) Rules of 2022.
To combat littering caused by lightweight plastic carry bags, starting from 30th September 2021, the thickness of these bags has been raised from fifty microns to seventy-five microns. Additionally, by 31st December 2022, the thickness of plastic carry bags will be further increased to one hundred and twenty microns.
The amendment aims to direct the E-waste produced in the country to authorised dismantlers and recyclers, to formalise the e-waste recycling industry.
The e-waste can be stored for a maximum period of 180 days, with the option for the State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) to grant an extension of up to 365 days.
Introducing a waste management system that involves implementing a fee collection mechanism for managing plastic waste will be carried out through pre-registration of plastic carry bags and multilayered packaging manufacturers, importers, and sellers.
Read our Article: Top E-Waste Management Techniques In India: An Overview