The E-waste Management Rules 2016 came into effect in October 2016 as a crucial tool to demarcate the individual responsibilities of manufacturer, producer, consumer, bulk consumer, collection centres, dealers, e-retailer, refurbisher, dismantler and recycler. The increasing amount of e-waste in the country and the challenges faced due lack of specified SOP for recyclers were a big problem. Technical and operational interventions were identified to be vital for e-waste management businesses to maximise material recovery and minimise environmental degradation and human health risks. A need for post compliance framework was also felt for the collection, transportation or dismantling of E-waste. In 2018, the amendment to E-waste Management Rules 2016 rules was made for channelising the e-waste generated towards authorised dismantlers and recyclers to regulate and streamline the e-waste recycling sector. An e-waste recycling business that could be in the form of collection, transportation, storage, dismantling, refurbishing, processing and disposal of e-waste was required to follow Key Post-Compliance Needs of an E-Waste Recycling Business. Growing a business in any of these mentioned segments required adherence to specific post-compliance by the business owners and the individuals involved in the recycling. For the purpose of this article, we will be focussing on the Key Post-Compliance Needs of an E-Waste Recycling Business.
Post compliances are the legally mandated Waste management compliance that critical for handling and disposal of hazardous e-waste. It includes compliance in the form of safety protocols and restrictions on the collection, transportation, dismantling, processing and disposal of e-waste. Any e-waste processing business must follow the guidelines specified in their authorisation and consent NOCs. Recycler must have a clear yet comprehensive view of the Key Post-Compliance Needs of an E-waste recycling business in order to maintain a risk-free working environment and avoid future legal hassles and penalties.
E-waste Collectors and Transporters
They are responsible for collecting e-waste on behalf of producers, dismantlers, PROs, recyclers or refurbishers, as well as waste originating from orphaned products. The Key Post-Compliance Needs of the collectors and transporters are as follows.
The dismantler of e-waste also needs to follow the Key Post-Compliance Needs of an E-Waste Recycling Business. It will include the following roles.
E-waste refurbishers are also required to meet the Key Post-Compliance Needs of an E-Waste Recycling Business to legally function in the country. These compliances are mentioned below.
Key Post-Compliance Needs of an E-Waste Recycling Business apply to E-waste Recyclers and Disposal Units too. They have mentioned in the following sections
Non-Compliance with the regulation and guidelines by entities involved in the e-waste business is considered causing environmental damage under the Environment Protection Act. The CPCB is the nodal authority that can take action against any non-compliant units involved in the collection, transportation, dismantling, refurbishing, recycling and disposal of E-Waste. If the SPCB or CPCB finds any unit not complying with the issued guidelines, it can impose a penalty in the form of environmental compensation or revoke the authorisation and direct such units to shut down. However, an opportunity to present their side is given to the defaulter before any action is taken.
Post compliance is an irrefutable part of the authorisation certificate issued to an e-waste recycler to carry on its business. The license to operate the business are subject to compliance with these rules. The rising awareness among the masses, technological advancement in the waste processing industry and the ever-tightening environmental laws in the country are indicators of change in the waste management sector and will ultimately mean that only authorised and law-abiding businesses will prosper in the future. Post-compliance rule that the e-waste businesses need to adhere to has been made after years of study and deliberation among the CPCB, SPCBs and environmental and safety experts. They may seem like an additional burden to a small waste business, but they benefit the business in the long run. The cost incurred by compliance is negligible compared to the profit the business can bring through the economies of scale in this massive sector with reasonable rate of return. Assistance and guidance from domain experts can reduce the post-compliance responsibility and save time and money for businesses.