As our way of life evolves, we utilise various chemicals and products within our households. Regrettably, we might not always be conscious of their corrosive, explosive, flammable, or toxic nature. These substances fall into the hazardous waste category, and it is crucial to segregate them from wet and dry waste. Mishandling these materials can pose risks to our well-being and even to the environment. Therefore, it is imperative to manage hazardous waste appropriately, with oversight from the state pollution control board, to grant authorisation for its proper handling. Through a collaborative approach involving regulatory bodies and industries, the Hazardous Waste Authorisation renewal signifies a pivotal step toward promoting sustainable and accountable waste management practices.
These regulations have been put forth to ensure the safe handling, creation, processing, storage, treatment, transportation, reprocessing, collection, and appropriate disposal of hazardous waste. The Hazardous Waste Management Rules were introduced in 1989 and saw amendments in 2000, 2003, 2008 and 2016. Thereafter, the Hazardous Waste (Management, Handling, and Transboundary Movement) Rules were notified in 2016, which is the presently applicable rules under which the hazardous waste authorisation renewal is done.
These rules strongly emphasise the accountability of everyone involved in activities such as collecting, storing, packaging, transporting, processing, recycling, recovery, pre and co-processing, transfer, or disposal of hazardous waste.
Different regulations apply to diverse types of waste. For instance, waste originating from households is encompassed by the scope of the Solid Waste Management Rules of 2016. The hazardous waste produced by industries and offices has been distinctly addressed under the Hazardous Waste Rules 2016, while biomedical waste is categorised as solid waste or biomedical waste. Therefore, waste generated from healthcare establishments is governed by the Bio-medical Waste Management Rules of 2016.
Before 2022, under the ambit of “other waste”, tire waste was also covered under the HWM Rules, 2026. Therefore, in addition to the unit handling, disposal and transboundary movement, tire producers and waste management businesses were also governed by these rules. After the 6th amendment to the regulations, Schedule IX was added, introducing Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) to tire waste. Post 2022, EPR obligations and waste management targets have been added to the rules.
Several entities play a crucial role in issuing authorisation for hazardous waste management. These include:
The process for Hazardous Waste Authorization renewal involves the following steps:
Documents required for Hazardous waste Authorisation renewal
For the Hazardous Waste Authorisation renewal, the necessary documents include:
The procedure for Hazardous Waste Authorisation renewal is a well-organised and crucial process to ensure the careful handling of hazardous waste materials. By following the prescribed guidelines, such as timely submission of applications, furnishing essential documentation, and adhering to the regulations set forth by state pollution control boards, businesses and organisations can seamlessly continue their operations while keeping a strong focus on environmental safety. This process highlights a dedication to efficient waste management and showcases a collective commitment to protecting public well-being and the natural surroundings. It is recommended to take expert guidance for Hazardous waste authorisation renewal to ensure the documents that will be required and to experience a seamless process.
If it’s the initial application, the Hazardous Waste Authorisation renewal/ fresh application (HWA) is granted for five years starting from the date of application.
Authorisation entails granting permission for various activities involving hazardous wastes, such as their generation, handling, collection, reception, treatment, transportation, storage, reuse, recycling, recovery, pre-processing, utilisation (including co-processing), and ultimately, their proper disposal.
A producer or generator who produces fewer than 1000 kilograms of hazardous waste within a month and transports this waste over a distance greater than 500 kilometres for off-site storage, treatment, and disposal might be granted permission by regulatory bodies to store the hazardous waste on-site. This storage can extend up to a maximum of 270 days, subject to the discretion of the regulatory authorities.
The individual in charge of a location or someone representing them who plans to have their hazardous wastes managed through treatment and disposal by a Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facility operator must provide specific information to the facility operator. The nature of this information will be determined by the State Pollution Control Board.
The Hazardous Waste Management Rules have been introduced to guarantee the secure management of hazardous waste throughout its lifecycle.
The authorisation or its renewal must be presented for examination upon the request of an officer designated by the State Pollution Control Board. The individual with authorisation is prohibited from renting, lending, selling, transferring, or in any other way transporting hazardous and other types of waste, except as expressly allowed through this authorisation.
All healthcare establishments, whether they have bedded or non-bedded facilities, are obligated to obtain authorisation from the relevant State Pollution Control Board or Pollution Control Committee (SPCB/PCC) for the proper management of biomedical waste.
Four distinct categories of waste are Industrial, Commercial, Domestic, and Agricultural.
Hazardous waste management includes a comprehensive process involving gathering, recycling, treatment, transportation, disposal and ongoing surveillance of waste disposal sites.
Hazardous waste refers to waste materials possessing characteristics that render them unsafe, posing potential risks to human health or the environment.
Read our Article:How To Obtain A Hazardous Waste Authorization Certificate?.