Before we dive into the procedure of obtaining an E-waste recycling license in India, it is important to understand why such licenses are necessary. To get an understanding, let’s start by explaining what e-waste or electronic waste is. In general terms, e-waste refers to discarded electronic products. In developing countries like India, e-waste has become a concern due to its effects on both the environment and human health. It’s important to note that e-waste contains precious and recyclable components, but at the same time, the waste also poses hazardous characteristics. The methods used for managing and treating waste in India have some limitations that must be identified and addressed. Effective waste management relies on implementing collection and disposal practices, which can only happen through increased awareness about the consequences of e-waste within society. This write-up will work as a guide to explain how one can obtain an e-waste recycling license in India.
The E-Waste (Management) Rules 2022 assign the responsibility of e-waste recycling management to the Central Pollution Control Board. CPCB develops guidelines for the implementation of these regulations. These guidelines include various aspects, including implementing extended producer responsibility or EPR, proper channelisation of waste for promoting circular economy, establishment of collection centres, storage, transportation, environmentally friendly dismantling and recycling procedures, refurbishment, and random testing of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) to assess compliance with RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment) standards. Therefore, for the industrial management of e-waste, four key steps are followed:
The reduction of e-waste is achieved through various means:
By the rules and regulations set forth by the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC), the following entities are eligible to obtain an E-waste recycling license in India:
As per these regulations, any entity engaged in activities related to handling, collecting, storing, and recycling electronic waste must acquire an electronic waste license from the State Pollution Control Board (SPCB).
Several tools are employed for effectively managing e-waste, each serving specific purposes:
These tools collectively contribute to the comprehensive management and reduction of electronic waste while promoting eco-friendly practices and responsible production throughout the product life cycle.
India is a significant contributor to electronic waste production globally, ranking as the third largest electronic waste producer in the world. Annually, the country generates approximately 2 million tons of e-waste and imports large amounts of old and used EEE from other countries. Therefore, obtaining an E-waste recycling license for such a recycling business is a profitable decision both for the environment and the business. Here are some e-waste management practices in India:
The process to obtain an E-waste recycling license in India involves several steps, and it can be outlined as follows:
Step 1: Registration on the Online Single Window Portal
Step 2: Fill out the Common Application Form and Create a Unit
Step 3: Apply for Certificate/NOC/Permission
Step 4: Pay the Required Fee
Step 5: Application Review by Concerned Regional Office (RO)
Step 6: Inspection and Query Resolution
Step 7: Processing and Approval/Rejection
Step 8: Download Final Certificate
Fee and Mode of Payment:
It’s important to note that the specific procedures and requirements for obtaining an E-Waste license may vary by region or state in India. Applicants should refer to the relevant regional pollution control board or authority for detailed guidance and to ensure compliance with local regulations.
Various documents and details are usually required to acquire an E-waste recycling license in India. These documents and information help demonstrate your commitment to responsible e-waste management and compliance with relevant regulations. Here is a list of the documents and details commonly needed:
The generation of e-waste in India has been increasing significantly over the years. In the fiscal year 2020-2021, India processed 3.4 lakh tonnes of e-waste. According to data from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), the generation of plastic waste per year is on the rise, increasing by 3%. Furthermore, e-waste generation has shown even higher growth, with 7.1 lakh tonnes produced in 2018-19 and 10.14 lakh tonnes in 2019-20, reflecting a 31% year-on-year increase. As a result, to simplify the process of obtaining an E-waste recycling license and ensure a hassle-free experience, it is advisable to connect with experts who possess expertise in regulations and compliance matters related to e-waste licensing. These professionals can guide organisations through the application process and help ensure compliance with all relevant laws, contributing to responsible and environmentally friendly e-waste management practices in India.
Apply for Consent to Establish to the Pollution Control Board in your respective state or region. This step involves providing detailed information about your e-waste management facility, its location, and the measures you’ll implement to ensure environmental compliance and safety.
The annual license fee is set at Rs. 500 per license. This fee is paid when initially obtaining the e-waste management license. When renewing the e-waste management license, the renewal application fee is Rs. 300 per application.
Starting an e-waste management business in India involves a structured process that includes obtaining the necessary permissions and approvals from relevant authorities.
Assessing the registration requirements, compiling the necessary documents, filing the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) application, undergoing the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) assessment, receiving the authorised letter, and ensuring post-registration compliance are crucial steps in the process of obtaining an e-waste management license in India.
The fees are based on the annual quantity of plastic waste generated by Producers, Importers, and Brand Owners (PIBOs), and are as follows:
Waste Generated Less Than 1000 Tonnes Per Annum:
– Fee: ₹10,000
Waste Generated Between 1000-10000 Tonnes Per Annum:
– Fee: ₹20,000
E-waste items, which include both functional and non-functional electronic devices and components, can have varying prices depending on several factors, such as the type of item, its condition, brand, age, and market demand. Prices can range from as low as Rs 10 per kilogram to as high as Rs 2,500 per kilogram for specific e-waste materials.
To begin, you can register your e-waste recycling business as a Micro, Small, or Medium Enterprise (MSME) through the Udyog Aadhaar portal. This registration provides various benefits, including financial incentives and access to government schemes. Contact the State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) or State Pollution Control Committee (SPCC) in your respective state to seek approval to launch your e-waste recycling business.
Engaging in the complete e-waste management process, from collection to recycling and repurposing, can be a profitable and environmentally responsible business venture, especially in a country like India with high e-waste generation.
Starting an E-waste recycling business involves several critical considerations, including acquiring the necessary equipment, hiring skilled employees, managing daily operations, handling public relations, and addressing financial aspects.
The timeline for obtaining an EPR Certificate in India can vary based on several factors, including the complexity of the application, the efficiency of the regulatory process, and the completeness of the submitted documents. However, it is estimated to take about 40 to 60 working days for the authorisation to be processed and the EPR Certificate to be granted.
Read our Article:How To Obtain An EPR Certificate For The Import Of E-Waste In India?